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A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN HANDWRITTEN AND COMPUTER TEXT ESSAYS ON RATERS’ SCORES

A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN HANDWRITTEN AND COMPUTER TEXT ESSAYS ON RATERS’ SCORES
INTRODUCTION
In  today’s  world  the  emergence  of  modern  technology  works  together  with  our daily  routine.  Computer  is  one  of  modern  technology  that  is  assistive  and beneficial  to  create  a  more  effective  work.  In  this  digital  era,  the  role  of technology,  particularly  computer,  in  academic  setting  is  very  undeniable.  From faculty members to staffs, headmaster, teachers, students, they all have to master the basic skill of computer operation.
In  Indonesian  education  system,  students  are  taught  the  skill  of  operating computer since they are in the middle school. Students are taught the basic skill of typing,  editing,  printing, etc.  By  the  times  they  are  in  high  school,  they  have developed  a  fluency  in  typing. In  college  life  particularly,  the  lecturers  and instructors often assign students to type their tasks instead of handwrite them. The hardship  of  writing  down  word  by  word  of  sentences  of  an  essay  has  been replaced  by  the  magic  tool  of  computer.  Students  feel  more  confident  when completing  their  assignments  with  computer  rather  than  with  handwriting.  They are confident that they can gain higher score when they complete the assignment with computer rather than with hand writing
This research was conducted in an attempt to find out whether presentation effect causes  the  inequality  in  assessment  or  not.  It  is  done  through  comparing  two different  format  of  essays  which  are  identical  in  content.  The  formats  were  the original  handwritten  and  the  transcribed  computer  text  of  the  handwritten.  The computer format was chosen because the researcher admitted that the involvement of  technology  cannot  be  overstated,  therefore  this  research  was  intended  to  test?????????????????????

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