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The Improving the Students’ Speaking Skill By Using Direct Method

The Improving the Students’ Speaking Skill By Using Direct Method
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
A.    Background of the Study
In learning English, there are four skills we must study. They are listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The four skills mentioned are divided into receptive and productive skills. Speaking and writing are productive skills, while listening and reading are receptive skills. Beside the four language skills above, Speaking is the process of building and sharing meaning through the use of verbal and non-verbal symbols. Speaking is a crucial part of second language learning and teaching. However, today’s world requires that the goal of teaching speaking should improve student’s communicative kills because students can express themselves and learn how to use a language.
Language is means of communication, and it is an integral part of human life. Therefore, everyone must be able to use it in speaking, to master speaking skill is one of the difficulties in learning English. Speaking is one way of finding information through oral communication in the world becomes more and more useful. According to the curriculum, the teaching English in Indonesia should emphasize four skills, namely reading, listening, writing, and speaking. To know English perfectly these four skills should be taught separately. However, the students’ in general can read and write English better than speak it. According to Rasyid stated that the teaching of English in Indonesian school has become perceived and realized need. The perception and realization of this need are based on the nation wide. Assumption that good mastery of the language will instrumentally function not only as the key to many doors to development
 In most conversation, the world flows with just the least of mental urge. People think about what to say, who they are talking to, where they are, and they also need to know how many times to talk. So, focusing on their accuracy and fluency is the main learning process to get developing of the students in their speaking performance.
Those condition probably caused by their lack of knowledge or there is not idea toward the material being tough, and also the techniques or methods are used not interesting for the students. Those cases are very influence the students learning achievement. Therefore, this research wants to improve the speaking proficiency of the students because many students have less skill in speaking.
Especially in at the eleventh grade SMA have a same problem in speaking the  students sometimes face many problems in learning English specially in speaking, for example the student are shy to speak, low motivation, less self confidence, afraid of making mistakes, the students sometimes are reluctant to speak English, and the students look confuse if the teacher call one by one of them came in front of class to performance their speaking because they do not know what their aims to speak, so their speak English grows slowly and also states that many students who wants speak other usually faces some troubles such as cannot produce their ideas, argument feeling communicatively. They sometimes can understand what other say but can not be able to communicate it.
Today, the teachers/educators have been trying some methods, strategies and techniques in teaching English to make the students easy to understand the language and applied it in their life. One of the ways in teaching English is using strategy as apart that cannot separate in education. Strategy refers to a plan of action designed to achieve a particular goal.
The direct method, which arrived at the end of the ninetieth century, was the product of reform movement which was reacting to the restrictions of grammar translation. Translation was abandoned in favors of the teacher and the students speaking together, relating the grammatical forms they were studying to objects and pictures, etc. in order to establish their meaning. The sentence was still the main object of interest, and accuracy was all important[1]
The direct method has one basic rule and that is that no translation is allowed. The meaning of the name ―Direct Method‖ comes from the fact that meaning is to be conveyed  directly  into  the  second  language  though  demonstration  and  visual  aids. 
Therefore the researcher would like to carry out a research in teaching and learning English process to deeply investigate “The Improving the Students’ Speaking Skill By Using Direct Method.

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