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IMPROVING THE STUDENTS READING COMPREHENSION THROUGH QAR IN NARRATIVE MATERIALS (Action Research)



IMPROVING THE STUDENTS READING COMPREHENSION THROUGH QAR IN NARRATIVE MATERIALS (Action Research)
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
A.  Background
Language is a tool of communication. It is used to express ideas, feeling, suggestion, creation, or emotion that will be much easier to express it in our mother tongue. Trouble comes when we are asked to express ourselves in a foreign language. English as an international language has four mayor skills that widely used and spoken all over the world. They are listening, speaking, reading, and writing. In teaching English, the students are encouraged to use English for communication and to read the books and references written in English.
Reading is one of the main skills in English that plays important role. Reading can be defined as an active cognitive  process of  interacting with the print and monitoring comprehension to establish meaning and through reading we can get much knowledge, study new words, comprehend ideas, study the word are used, how to implement the grammatical rules, and gain the information.
Most of students have many problems in reading book or passage. One of them is to find main idea of the text they read. They can read the words well but they cannot get the main idea. That is why sometimes they feel sleepy in class because they get no any comprehension about the text they read. At the end, they cannot answer the questions based on the text perfectly. This problem occurs because the teacher only asks the students to read the text and answer all the questions without giving any explanation that help the students in comprehending the text well.
It can be seen from Hafsah (2005:35) who stated that the students find some difficulties to comprehend such as they don`t understand the content of the material, what the text about, and they hard to find main idea of every paragraph. And also from the researcher`s experience after taught many students, found that those condition becomes a reason to run the teaching and learning process better in classroom.
Based on the explanation above, the teacher should give more attentions to this problem to increase the student ability in reading comprehension. One of way is using one strategy namely Question Answer Relationship (QAR).
In this strategy, the students are given short passage to be read from the textbook. As finish reading it, they are asked question and point out the differences each question and the kind of answer it requires. The teacher must use questioning in measuring the




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