>

THE USE OF SONG LYRICS TO IMPROVE STUDENTS’VOCABULARY OF VERB An Experimental Research



THE USE OF SONG LYRICS TO IMPROVE STUDENTS’VOCABULARY OF VERB
An Experimental Research
CHAPTER II
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
A. Theoretical Framework
1. Vocabulary
Studying language cannot be separated from studying vocabulary because it is an essential component of language. Vocabulary is one components of language beside grammar. Students who want to learn a target language, have to learn those components.
a. Definition of vocabulary
Vocabulary is one of the language components which shouldbe mastered by English learners. Vocabulary has role, which parallel with phonology and grammar to help the learner mastering four language skills.
Finocciaro explains that” the students’ vocabulary can be divided into two kinds, namely active
vocabulary and passive vocabulary”. Active vocabulary refers to the words in which the students can understand and pronounce correctly can use them in speaking or in writing used by person to encode his idea. Passive vocabulary refers to the words in which the students can recognize and understand while they are reading or listening to someone speaking, but they do not use the words in speaking or in writing. The words or vocabularies can be spoken and also written.
Another opinion by Marianne Celce and Murcia Elite Olshtain,“There are two kinds of vocabulary: they are function words andcontent words”
1)      The function words are those vocabulary items that belong to closed word classes (i.e. word classes that do not readily admit new items or lose old ones: pronouns, auxiliary verbs, prepositions, determiners and adverbs).
2)      The content words are those vocabulary items that belong to open word classes (words classes that readily accept new words and discard old ones).
The content words can be divided into three general classes:
1)      Words that refers to a person, a place or a thing that we mightcall them nouns.
2)      Words that express an action, an event or a state are called verbs
3)      Words are used to describe the qualities of thing or action are called adjectives and adverbs.
Thornbury (2002:13) stated without grammar very little can beconveyed, without vocabulary nothing can be conveyed.13 Only withsufficient vocabulary one can express his ideas effectively, canunderstand the language task and foreign language conversation. With the limited vocabulary the students will have the difficulties in learning and understanding the foreign language.
Parts of speech are classified into its various types. The types of part of speech consist of pronoun, adjective, verb, adverb, conjunction and preposition Each Part of speech will be classified into its various types. Such classification will be based chiefly on differences in structural form or in grammatical behavior, after that the part of speech will be described according to the observable signals that operate the grammar, functions, position????????????????????????????




Postingan terkait:

Belum ada tanggapan untuk "THE USE OF SONG LYRICS TO IMPROVE STUDENTS’VOCABULARY OF VERB An Experimental Research"