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the improvement of the students’ writing content through Venn diagram Method at the sma



the improvement of the students’ writing content through Venn diagram Method at the sma
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
A.    Background
           The need for english nowdays is increasingly felt in almost every face of life in our country, indonesia. We can not deny that the matery of english is quite necessary for indonesian people. Because it is use as communication tool.
Jacobs. G (2008: 1) states that writing is is one of the language skills that palys an important role in human communication. The most important of writing is coming to be more and more recognized. It is the written mark that links with the outside world is formed.
            There is no doubt that English writing is important as the other language skills. The ability to write is frequently demanded in many occusions in our life. For any reasons writing skill is crusial to most people. In
relation about that, Adelstain and Vipal (1980) state that  in all subyects in our life or in all profession, the ability to write or express oneself clearly is essential basic for success. Writing is crucial mean of human communication. It use to communicate with other people in sociaty and to express our feeling and opinions. Writing means of both communication and self expression.
            Writing means how to communicates our opinion to other on the paper. But reality shows that it can not be done well because it is very difficult to express. Furthermore, Goldman and Heaton (1986:126) states that many students still encounter difficulties in writing because it is complex and difficult. In studying English, many students who study in the tertiary level still often make errors in writing though they have learned it for many times, even years.
The difficulty of writing is also caused by the components of writing. Jacobs. G (1981:10) tell that there are five components of writing. The five components are content, organization, vocabulary, language use and mechanics.  They are intergrating related to each other when students producing a good piece of writing. Without having a good mastery of writing components, the students cannot write successfully. Sometimes, when they write the students get difficulties in expressing their ideas or thoughts. In this case, the students have a lot of ideas, but they cannot organize their writing out into a piece of writing.
Specially the students’ problems or difficulties in formulating or expressing their ideas or thoughts into written-form are: first, the students do not know how to develop their ideas or thoughts into wider or broader writing that is related to the topic of writing. Second, the students do not know how to arrange idea or topic of writing in illogical order, so the students writing seem unclear, confusing, and incoherent.
The two problems above are usually faced by the students and therefore certain way is required to help them write well which may be expected to increase their ability to write. Furhtermore, Goldman and Heaton (1986:114) states that no single method of writing wotks for all writers. They need to find a method to will work best. The methods of writing must cover three broad areas. Three broad areas are discovering a massage and purpose, developing a method of presentation, and using suitable language.
According to the information that researcher has got from the English teacher at SMK SARIBUANA MAKASSAR and ovservation have done for several days  in learning english which found the real fact of the situation at class XII Administrasi Perkantoran keep a big potency but they were still low in writing. They have a difficulty in expressing their ideas. The students’ ability is still proportional where there are students which so predominate the class other student tend to passive.
To overcome the students’ problems in SMK SARIBUANA MAKASSAR expecially class XII Administrasi Perkantoran needs a good strategy and it is the teacher’s responsibility  to increas their potency. In order for students to communicate well they need to have to expand their cognitive academic language proficiency level. It is important for students to learn how to think critically and creatively.
As teachers, we have the responsibility of improving and enhancing students' writing, in both content and in organization.  In order for these children to succeed, they need to be equipped and well aware of the genres of power which rule the world. Whether oral or written, the different types of genres are a child's key to power, prestige and privilege. By developing these styles of writing, a child is empowered to use this key to unlock any door that leads to success. Writing is a transitory verb, therefore, one should not just teach writing, but teaches to write something.
To teach the students how to write easily and creatively, there are many methods that can be used. Venn Diagram  method or known as comparing and contrasting two issues and the  circles represent the quality of each issue, a method developed by John Venn  is one of methods in teaching writing that may support the expected situation. This method can help the students to determine the cause and effect of two problem statement that contrast by using a model two circles or Venn diagram. It can be very enjoyable for students to be creatively in writing.


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