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THE EFFECTIVENESS OF USING DIRECT METHOD TO IMPROVE STUDENTS’ SPEAKING ABILITY



THE EFFECTIVENESS OF USING DIRECT METHOD TO IMPROVE STUDENTS’ SPEAKING ABILITY
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
A.  Background of the Study
Human being needs each other. As a social culture, human needs to communicate with  language  as  a  means  of  communication  with  other  people.  Language  is  used  by  people to express and receive some information, message, emotions and so on. There are many kinds of languages used by people such as English, Dutch, India, French, Spanish, Arab, Indonesia, etc. It depends on where the people live. English is a foreign language in Indonesia.
One  of  the  ways  of  communication  is    through  speaking.  For  most  people, mastering ―the art‖ of speaking is the single most important aspect of learning a second or  foreign  language,  and  success 
is  measured  in  terms  of  the  ability  to  carry  out  a conversation in the language (Fauziati, 2008: 126). 
Nowadays English is an important language. It is the key to international currency of  technology,  science,  as  well  as  commerce.  As  an  international  language,  English  has  gained its popularity all over the world including Indonesia. In the past English was only taught in high school. In current years, the teaching of English is expanding into primary schools.
English consists of four basic skills that students must master, they are speaking, writing,  reading  and  listening.  The  first  skill  is  speaking,  it  controls  to  learn  and  to develop  of  an  individual‘s  personality.  The  second  one  is  writing,  it  is  a  partial representation of units of language expression. This is the chief means by which thought, ideas and knowledge are preserved. The third is reading, it is to grasp language patterns?????????????????????????????????



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