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IMPROVING THE STUDENTS’ LISTENING COMPREHENSION AT SMP THROUGH KNOW, WANT, LEARN(K-W-L) TECHNIQUE



IMPROVING THE STUDENTS’ LISTENING COMPREHENSION AT SMP THROUGH KNOW, WANT, LEARN(K-W-L) TECHNIQUE
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
A. Background                                                                 
English is one of the language in the world that has an important role for communication. It has used as an international language in all over the world. It is important for us to learn it.
English is a compulsory subject in both public and private school that function as a means of the advancing student in, science, Technology and culture. In Indonesia, English is taught from junior high school up to university. Levels even taught it also taught to some elementary school as an optional subject.
There are four skill taught in English subject namely: Speaking, Writing, Reading and Listening.  Listening as one of the four language skill is a part of oral and receptive skills. This is a very essential
component in communication: because we cannot catch someone transmitted to us if  we do not have good listening ability.
Related to the statements above, the researcher did pre- observation that is done at the first year student of SMP Muhammadiyah 12 Makassar , the researcher faced some problem in teaching learning English. One of them is the students’ problem in listening comprehension. Based on the result interview of the English teacher at the first year students of SMP Muhammadiyah 12 Makassar, she said that the mean score of the students’ achievement in listening comprehension is very low. It is 4.8 mean score while the target score is 7.0.
By looking in this fact, lecturer or teachers give variations of teaching technique. It is a good method to help students activate their prior knowledge. A KWL (Know, Want, Learn) was described by Ogle in 1986 as a framework that is used to connect a student’s prior knowledge to what they are actively learning. The student begins by thinking about what they already Know about the topic of study. Next, they think about what they  Want to know, and finally, they actively  Learn something new about the topic. The students can do this activity independently, with minimal guidance from the teacher, or it can be a teacher directed activity
This possibility motivates the writer to conduct a research under the title. “Improving the Students’ listening Comprehension at SMP through Know, Want, Learn(K-W-L) Technique



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