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THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TWENTY-QUESTION GAME AS A TEACHING TECHNIQUE TO IMPROVE STUDENTS’ ABILITY IN WRITING DESCRIPTIVE TEXTS (car)



CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION
A. Research Background
Language is one of the most important areas of human development.Language is purely important as a tool of communication. According toCrystal cited by Srijono language is the systematic, conventional use of sounds, sign, or written symbols in human society for communication and self expression.2 As a tool of communication language is used among human beings in order to establish social relationship. By using language they can express their ideas, feelings, and thought to the society in both written and spoken.
There are many languages in the world. Every society has different language. Although English is not the language with the largest number of native or first language speaker, it has become a lingua franca.3 English is an international language which has been received by countries all over the word.
Moreover, as an international language, English is used to communicate in business meeting or other activities among government over the world, chiefly in science and technology. In line with the more
sophisticated world, people are demanded to  able to communicate not only by using mother tongue but also by using foreign languages. Nowadays English already be one of the most important languages. As a developing country, Indonesia really needs English because
Indonesian government is trying to improve all aspects which are usually faced by all countries. One of these aspects is education, which is essential. Thus, the government has settled English as one of the compulsory subject to study at school, from basic until the highest. In Indonesia, English is learnt and taught at elementary school, junior high school, senior high school, even at university. It is hoped that the students will be able to communicate in English well.
Based on Competence Based Curriculum (KBK), the students of junior high school (SMP) and senior high school (SMA) should get some of the genres such as procedure, recount, descriptive, or narrative both spoken and written cycle.4 From this fact, students are not only expected to speak English fluently but also have to be able to fulfill four language skills; they are listening, speaking, reading and writing. Writing is a part of the language skills that must be taught maximally by teacher to students. Learning how to write in English is important for many language learners. Writing will help students mastering other skills of English completely.
Writing, as one of the language skills, has given an important contribution to human work. There are so many records of recent activities that can be read today, which can also be read in the future. Recently, there are many new information which is transferred by using discourse or article from the newspaper, magazine, or internet. This means that writing plays very important role in a modern society.  Writing is one of language skills that canbe a measurement of literacy development in a country.

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