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the use of visual – picture sequences improve the students’ ability to write descriptive text



CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

A.       Background
English is one of the languages used as a means of sharing ideas on setting information from other people in the world. We can not deny that the mastery of English is quite necessary for Indonesian people nowadays. Therefore, the government of Indonesia has put English as an essential subject to be learned from junior high school up to university level. Even, nowadays, it is being taught at elementary school.
One of the English language aspects which many students consider very difficult to study is writing. Generally writing is quite unpopular. It has been in long practice of teaching English as a foreign language in Indonesia that writing is rather neglected for various reasons. It needs greeter efforts on the part of teacher and therefore it is quite demanding, causing a greeter burden than other language aspects to teach. The teaching of writing has been associated with tedious correction and markings of individual students’ work.
Writing is one of the English language skills has an important role not only in formal situation but also informal one, sometimes people can not verbalize their opinion, ideas or feelings but they can express them through writing. Some elements or components should get attention in writing are caused by many factors. One of them is complicated components of writing, namely: content, grammar, style, form, and mechanics. These components are related to another in order to produce good result writing.
Teachers of English face many problems dealing with language skills. Since writing as a productive skill, it is being a means of written communications. Teacher always fight and strive for their students to solve their problem in writing skill by expressing their ideas through writing. In writing process, learners always deal with the process of putting words into sentences and the putting sentences into paragraph until they can create a piece of writing.
Teaching students to write well is of great importance in today’s classroom. That’s why the teacher has to employ a good technique or method to provide inspiration for the students that will motivate them to express themselves creatively through writing. The teacher should give the students many activities to do in order to make the students creative. In this case, teacher should employ good technique and have good preparation in teaching them. A delightful way to encourage the students to write paragraph is to use “visual - picture sequences” as an aid and medium in teaching writing.
For the students to be successful writers, writing subject must occur at every grade level, not merely at the tested grades. Each grade level students acquire the writing skills they will need for success in the next grade. Basic writing concepts are strengthened as student’s progress through elementary school, middle school, and high school. Making writing an important part of other content areas, such as science and social studies, will strengthen this alignment. In addition, students learn to write effectively by having many opportunities to practice writing. Without practice, students cannot sharpen the skills they need in order to be able to write competently and confidently.
Arising from the background above, the researcher will conduct a research and employ visual – picture sequences to improve writing ability of the class XI exact program students of SMA Muhammadiyah 7 Makassar. The subject of this research is the students who are still learning English in the middle level of senior high school. According to the English teacher of class XI exact program that, actually, this class has an active students concerning English subject but they never be trained to write with a specific method, technique, and particular media, even they resist writing, not because they really hate the act itself, but because they lack of strategies and confidence to meet the writing tasks we assign them. With the result their potency buried and causing their achievement poorly.
Further, beside the information from the English teacher, the researcher also gets the data from the English teacher concerned and observation result of P2K research approximately 2 months at the last semester of class X SMA Muhammadiyah 7 Makassar about the students’ achievement in English Subject especially in writing which in fact is still low and poorly. From the data score of the students’ value indicates a low score; most of them still get the score under 65 while the Standard English in curriculum is 65. Therefore, the teacher wants to solve this problem until the students gain an expected score and achieve the score till ?????????????
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