Improving the Students’ Reading Comprehension Through Think Aloud Strategy (Classroom Action Research)

A.      Background
English as a world language plays an important role in the development of science and technology. Many scientific articles or books in general are written in English. That demands those who are involved in any particular field to be able to understand the English written materials to group information and knowledge. English involve four language skills namely, speaking, listening, writing and reading.
Reading is about understanding written texts. It is a complex activity that involves both perception and thought. Reading consists of two related processes: word recognition and comprehension. Word recognition refers to the process of perceiving how written symbols correspond to one’s spoken language.Comprehension is the process of making sense of words, sentences and connected text. Readers typically make use of background knowledge, vocabulary, grammatical knowledge, experience with text and other strategies to help them understand written text. Much of what we know about reading is based on studies.
Reading as one of the language skill is very important in language teaching and learning process but, it is not easy to do. Those skills must be taught integrated as much as possible. The priority of teaching English in school is reading because it can cover three other skills. Reading may be considered as the key to get information from books, magazines, newspaper and brochure. The development of science demands people to read a lot. Many science books written in English and reading skill will aid students to fulfill their need. Habit reading skill can also enrich vocabularies.
The teaching of English is necessary to develop especially in teaching reading comprehension because the techniques of teaching influence the students’ success. Therefore, the teacher of English must select the suitable way, method, and strategy to teach.
Based on  information from an English teacher and observer, result about the students achievement especially in reading English at SMA Tut Wuri Handayani Makassar of the tenth year students in the last semester. That the students’ value average still got 4.0 .  while the standard reading in  curriculum is 6,5. it’s happened  because the teacher is not using especially method in reading is lack, the researcher wants to solve this problem until the students have a good score and achieve the score 7,0-9,0 and as target in reading  English comprehension. Therefore, the writer will give solution about the problem with Predicting Strategy. Predicting strategy is one strategy to use reading comprehension.
Readers must make logical predictions based on information from the text and their prior knowledge. Knowledge of fictional text structures such as characters, setting, problem, resolution, theme or lesson assist students in making predictions. Nonfiction reader aids such as text headings, illustrations, and features such as maps, captions, and tables also help students make logical predictions about what they think they will learn from the reading.
In order to do this successfully, students must activate relevant background knowledge that they possess on the topic. Once students have made a prediction, they have a purpose for reading, to confirm or disprove their prediction. Furthermore, the opportunity has been created for the students to link the new knowledge with the knowledge they already possess. By making predictions, readers are using the following processes: prior knowledge, thinking on a literal and inferential level, adding to their knowledge base, linking efferent and affective thinking processes, making connections, and??????????????????????

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