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The improving the students' writing ability through genre-based approach


CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
A.    Background
Writing is important to support learning English especially in enriching vocabulary and gaining a large portion of their education. Therefore, the writer consider that writing could be taught at junior high schools. There are four skill should be mastered in learning English; speaking, reading, listening and writing. Writing will provide a basis for development of other language skills.
Due to the importance of writing explained above, the teachers had to develop students’ writing ability since it is the first stage they learned English. By developing students’ ability to write well, the teachers developed their students’ ability to become more independent learners, as the students could be able to reproduce language accurately and refine their understanding of grammar and developed their own vocabulary. The better students improve their writing ability, the better they reach the achievement in writing  Teachers, therefore, should explore a new productive strategy in brightening writing classes in order to encourage students in learning writing skill. They should create interesting and entertaining materials to motivate the students’ active responds in doing writing exercise. After the teaching and learning process and all the materials were given to the students, there was expectation that students made a progress in their study. To knew whether the students made some progress in their study, it was useful for teacher to conduct a test or an examination at the end of a program. So the students were motivated to learn and master the materials which was taught by the teacher.
There were many reasons for getting students’ to write, both in and outside class. Writing gives they more thinking time then they get when they attempt spontaneous conversation. This allows them more opportunity for language processing, that was thinking about the language. When thinking about writing, it was helpful to make a distinction between writing for learning and writing for writing. In the case of the former, writing is used as a practice tool to help students practice and work with language they have been studying. When we give example, ask a class to write five sentences using by using a given structure, or using five of the new words they learned. Writing activity like this are designed to give reinforcement to the students.
The kinds of writing we ask student to do could depend as most other things do, on their age, level learning styles and interests. We won’t get beginners to try to put together a complex narrative composition in English.
In helping the students to write, we need to consider with the gender. A gender was a type of writing which members of a discourse community would instantly recognize for what it was. Thus we recognize a small add in newspaper the moment we see it because, being members of a particular group, or community, we have seen many such texts before and are familiar with the way they are constructed. 
According  to  the   information, the  researches  got  the real  fact  of  the situation in learning at SMA N 1 Tompobulu, The researcher got information from the English teacher and colleagues. Which in fact, class XI kept a big potency but they were still have a difficulty in expressing their ideas. The students’ ability was still proportional where, there were student which so predominate the class other student tend to passive. Beside that,?????????????????????????????????????????????????

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