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A STUDY OF STUDENTS’ MASTERY OF PHRASAL VERBS


CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
1.1 General Background of the Study
Language cannot be separated from human’s life. It is one  of the universal systems in a culture that functions as a means of communication. It enables people to interact, communicate, and make sense of the world so that it is dynamic, and it develops and changes over time as a result of many different influences. In addition, it is used by human beings in  communicating with each other, both in oral and in written discourse. English is one of languages, which are used by people all around the world to communicate with each other.
In Indonesia, a lot of people are interested in learning English as a foreign language, because they know that English  is the international language used in many countries all over the world. Besides,  English is considered to be the first foreign language there, because it has an important role in international communication. Consequently, now English is taught in schools, from playgroups until university level.
 For Indonesian learners, the ability to speak in English is a kind of dream which comes true, because there are few Indonesian learners who can speak English. Learning English as a foreign language is quite difficult because there are so many differences between English and  Indonesian culture, it has different system of language; it has different grammatical structures, differences in meaning of words, and different sound system.
]In addition, in order to master English, Indonesian learners have to master the four basic skills, namely listening, speaking, reading, and writing. English has its phonological, vocabulary,  and grammatical system and so does Indonesian. However, Indonesian learners face many difficulties in acquiring those English systems. One of them is difficulty in pronouncing speech sounds in English. That is because of English is considered to be the foreign language.
Besides the problem of speech sounds, another problem in learning English as a foreign language for Indonesian  learners is the fact that they have their own mother tongue, and they are getting used to their own language since they were children. “Since childhood a foreign learner has been speaking his mother tongue, which is deeply implanted in him as part of his/her habits.”(Ramelan, 1984: 6) For Indonesian learners, another difficulty in learning English is learning English phrasal verbs. It is necessary to master phrasal verbs because they are frequently used in both oral and written material. Since English is a foreign language, it is understandable why most students face difficulties in understanding words meaning, especially dealing with phrasal verbs.
For learners of all ages, the comprehension of idiomatic expressions is facilitated by contextual support. (Cacciari and Levorato, 1989; Nippold and Martin, 1989). One important to be put in mind is that idiomatic expression such as phrasal verbs depend on their context. It helps to grasp their meaning. Therefore, the context in which a phrasal verb is used will???????

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