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The Effectiveness of using jigsaw technique in teaching reading comprehension (quasi experimental)


CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION
A.      Background
English is dominant foreign language and functions as an international language. In Indonesia, the use of English as the printing media has been familiar for decades. The local and international public of tempo magazine and the Jakarta post and some other English magazines provide evidence for such situation. The use of English  as a tool to deliver materials in those media indicates that English is widely used in indonesia.Viewing this condition, english this adopted in the curriculum by which big proportion of school hours given to the teaching and learning such this  language has been regarded to anable students to have competence  in skill of English including reading, writing, speaking, and listening.
English as a subject matter in school covers four basic language skills. They are reading, writing, speaking and listening. In every subject, students learning activities involve reading. Reading is one of the complex ways in learning English. It is a kind of activity to comprehend the writers ideas or the way the writer communicates with the readers by way of the written or printed words (2009, www.if.ia.org.). Reading is very important for everybody in order to cope with new knowledge, experience, and to develop new concept and broaden hid horizon of thinking, which are needed to ensure the containing personal growth and adapt the change the world. As Brewton (1962:1) in Indo Tallo (2002:2) stated that much of what you now today you have learned through your reading and much of  what you will need to find out in the future you  will search for in books, magazines, and newspaper. In connection with that, Harvey(1990) in Indo Tallo (2002:2) stated that the purpose of reading is to inform ourselves about something we are interesting in or challenge our knowledge on certain matters in other words to extends our experience of the world in which we live. In order to acquire these purpose successfully, it is expected to apply learning strategies. One into account is using techniques in teaching reading.
Teaching a foreign language especially English is not as easy as teaching the first language, because it is something new for the students of Junior High School. The students will certainly face many problems. Up to this time, we often hear the disappointment of English teachers because of low scores of their students in the final exam Bustami Subhan(1990) in  Anteng ria(2007). Considering the importance of reading skill, the teacher should improve the teaching of reading comprehension. The teacher can use some methods of teaching reading so that the students can enjoy and be?????????????

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