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AN ERROR ANALYSIS IN THE USE OF GERUND


CHAPTER I
INTODUCTION
A.      Background
               English as the one of languages that is taught in many educational institutes (formal and non formal) has many problems in teaching it. One of them is about the methodology of teaching. The problems which come in the teaching process are caused of many factors, especially from the students’ interest toward English as their subject. The interest of ones can appear when they are given an interesting thing. That is also happening in English teaching. When the students are given an interesting method which can involve them in learning process, of course, they will be enthusiastic to accept the material.
Nowadays,  English  is  very  significant  language  to  learn  because  it  is  one  of international  languages  which  are  usually  used  for  communication.  English  is  the  pre-eminent  language  of  wider  communication.  It  is  used  as  a  library  language,  as  the medium  of  science,  technology  and international  pride,  and  as  a  contact  language between nation and parts of nation. So, English is the need of the modern people who want a workable knowledge of English and better improvement.
One of the essential parts of learning English is grammar. Grammar is the system of  rules  governing  the  structure  of  phrases,  clauses,  and  sentences  consisting  of  words contained in the lexicon (Sri Widiati, 1998:7). We have to understand grammar when we want to make a good sentence by knowing the way to arrange and form the words well. Unfortunately, the ability of the students in understanding grammar is still less.
Gerund is the things which have to be learned in grammar to make good sentences. Sometimes most of the students still do not know which verb functioning as the complement must be in the infinitive or the gerund form is. Even they also do not know which particular verbs, particular adjectives and particular nouns that appropriate to precede  gerund.  That  is ????????

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