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IMPROVING STUDENTS’ ABILITY IN WRITING NEWS ITEM TEXT BY USING OLD AND NEW INFORMATION ( EXPERIMENTAL)


CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
            This chapter presents the background of the study, reasons for choosing the topic, limitation  of  the  study,  statements  of  the  problems,  objectives  of  the  study, significance of the study and outline of the report.
1.1   Background of the Study
A  text  is  defined  as  the  original  words  of  an  author  or  speaker,  as  opposed  to  a translation,  paraphrase,  commentary,  analyze  or  the  like.  It  means  that  a  text represents  the  idea  of  the  speaker  or  writer  that  can  be  either  written  or  spoken. Written  text  is  identified  as  a  text  which  is  developed  when  a  writer  is  giving meaning through written form, for example short story, novel, newsletter, etc. Written  text  usually  is  used  as  text  to  convey  a   message.  In  order  to construct  a  good  and  understandable  written  text,  we  can  use  the  systemic functional grammar in our text. In Halliday‟s functional grammar a clause can be divided into Theme and Rheme (new information). Halliday as quoted by Isabel: 1998 statedd that “Theme/Rheme structure is the basic form of the organization of the  clause  as  message”  (Halliday,  1985:  53).  It  means  that  by  using Theme/Rheme can help a writer make a good written text.?????????????????????????????
 
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