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IMPROVING THESTUDENTS READING ABILITY THROUGH GRADED READING MATERIALS METHOD



CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION

A.    Background
In learning English, there are four skills we must comprehend. They are listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The four skills mentioned are divided into receptive and productive skills. Speaking and writing are productive skills, while listening and reading are receptive skills. Beside the four language skills above, reading is of great importance to student show mother tongue is not English, because they almost do not have opportunity to hear or to speak that language. Comprehending English is a difficult thing for students if they do not have basic knowledge, especially in comprehending reading text.
Reading is a process recognition or interpretation of written materials and it ideals with the language form. Sheng, (2001:12) stated that reading is a process of communication from the writer to the reader. It involves letters, words, phrases, and clauses. Through reading, we can increase our experience, develop new concept, solve our problem, study how the words are used, how to implement the grammatical rules, and get many knowledge.
In teaching reading class, it is believable a teacher can handle the class easily if his/her students have motivation to learn read to compare with the class were the students are bored to do so. This is why many English teachers try to build up the student’s motivation to read by various teaching strategies in teaching and one which is use in this study is using the grade material.
Using the graded reading material can motivation the students to identify what had happened? Where did it happen? When did happen? How did happen? And what were the results.
In this age of modern science and technology, information is important to anybody who wants to progress. Information comes to us through many ways for example, by listening to the radio, watching TV and reading. In fact reading is the easiest and cheapest way of getting information. These are many kinds of reading materials hat can be obtained easily, such as magazines, brochures, journals article especially when the reading material are written in a foreign language.
Reading skills as a part of receptive skills is give the first priority in the printed information is very dominant nowadays. Through reading people can improve their own knowledge, experience and broaden his horizon of thinking. Which are needed to ensure the continuing personal growth and adapt the changes in the world. (Harvey, 1990:2) argues that the purpose of reading in language is inform our selves about something we are interested in, or challenge our knowledge on certain matters. In other words, to extend experience of the world in which we live.
The comprehension towards the reading materials is the main goals, but the fact shows that the majority of the students are not competent to comprehend English well as (Halim, 1987:2) states that most students encounter the problem in comprehending an English text.
By looking this fact, lecturers or teachers must given some variations of teaching techniques in reading class in order motivate students to comprehend the reading text.
In this case the writer is going to discuss one variation in teaching reading namely using graded reading materials to teach effective communication. A teacher can create her own materials for use in class. Many teachers find it useful to use published materials. The most well known graded or simplified materials available for the classroom are graded readers.
Graded reading materials method can be applied at the upper elementary students for improving their comprehension. In this case, the researcher selected SMPN1 PALLANGGA .According to the information of the English teacher there, the students ‘reading comprehension skill still poor. All of the students can be read but only few of students can comprehend or can understand what they have read especially English text. The students also got difficulties in answering questions related to English text that given to them.Referring explanation above, the researcher is interested in conducting a research under title:  IMPROVING THESTUDENTS READING ABILITY THROUGH GRADED READING MATERIALS METHOD (a classroom action research eleventh graded Students of SMPN1 PALLANGGA  Kab. Gowa.

B.     Problem Statement
Based on the background above, the researcher formulates the following research question:
1.      How does graded materials method improve the students’ reading comprehension  at the seventh graded students’ of SMPN 1 PALLANGGA?
2.      How does the students’ reading comprehension be improve using graded reading materials method at the seventh graded students’ of SMPN 1 PALLANGGA?

C.    Objective of the Research
Based on the problem statement above, the objectives of the research is to find out:
1.      The students’ in reading English through Graded Reading Materials. method at the seventh graded students’ of SMPN 1 PALLANGGA
2.      The students’ improvement Reading comprehension through Graded Reading Materials Method at the seventh graded students’ of SMPN 1 PALLANGGA.

D.    Significance of the Research
The result of the research is expected to be a piece of meaningful contribution for the teacher that the graded reading materials can motivation students’ comprehension in reading.

E.     Scope of the Research
The scope of the research absolutely focus on the study of the students’ motivation in reading English of the second year students of SMP
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