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Decoding: Analogy

Decoding: Analogy
Objective:
The students will decode unfamiliar words by drawing analogies (identifying and relating the
information) to other words with similar patterns or parts.
Materials:
•  Reading material at the students’ instructional reading level
Lesson:
Preview the book and note any words that may be new or difficult for the students. For unfamil-iar words that have a common pattern, keep in mind familiar words with the same pattern.
1.  Conduct a comprehension/vocabulary preview (see steps 1–3 of the sample lesson).
2.  Have the students begin reading. Tell them that if they come to any words they
do not know, they are to look for familiar patterns in the word and think of other
words that contain that pattern (e.g., if the students are having trouble with the
word street, have them think of other words they know that have ee, such as bee or
meet).
3.  Isolate the rime or vowel pattern. Have students say the sound(s) it makes, and
blend the other sounds in the word with the rime or vowel pattern.
4.  Have students continue reading. When they encounter other unfamiliar words,
have them think of other words they know with the same ending or vowel pattern,
and apply that knowledge to the unfamiliar word.
5.  To encourage comprehension, discuss what happened in the story or the reading
passage and the students’ reaction to it.
Adaptations:
If the students have trouble with a particular pattern in a book, review the pattern during a
Word Analysis lesson before rereading the book.
As the students read, make a list of any unfamiliar words and review them later during a Word
Analysis lesson.
For English language learners, introduce any new vocabulary in the book that may be unfa-miliar. To reinforce comprehension, stop at intervals throughout the selection to review what
has happened up to that point

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