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Improving Students’ Writing Skill by Using Cue Card (A Classroom Action Research

ABSTRACT

FARIDATUL HIKMAH. S891008030. 2012. Improving Students’ Writing Skill by Using Cue Card (A Classroom Action Research in the VIII A Grade of SMPN 2 Barat, Magetan in the Academic Year of 2011-2012). Consultant 1: Dr. Ngadiso, M.Pd. Consultant 2: Drs. Martono, M.A. Thesis: English Education Department Graduate School, Sebelas Maret University, 2012.
This thesis is aimed at knowing whether cue card media can improve students’ writing skill or not, and the strengths and weaknesses of using cue card when it is implemented to teach writing. The preliminary research showed that the students had problems in writing elements: idea/content, organization, vocabulary, grammar, and mechanics. They also did not know the process of writing.

The research was done in SMP Negeri 2 Barat, Magetan from November 2011-Februari 2012. The subject of the study was the students of the VIII A of SMP Negeri 2 Barat, Magetan, consisting of 30 students. It was a Classroom Action Research. The researcher did some steps for each cycle. They were planning, action, observation, and reflection. In collecting the data, the researcher applied several techniques including observation, interview, questionnaire, and test. The quantitative data were anayzed by using descriptive statistic. It compared between the scores of pre-test (before implementing cue card) and post-test (after implementing cue card), while the qualitative data were analyzed by using Constant Comparative Method which consists of four steps, namely: (1) comparing incidents to each category; (2) integrating categories and their properties; (3) delimiting theory; and (4) writing the theory.
The research findings are described in line with the problem statements as follows: first, by using cue card media, the students’ writing skill improves. This is proved by the significant increase of the mean score of pre-test, post-test cycle 1, and post-test cycle 2. The second, there are strengths and weaknesses. The strengths are: (1) there were improvements of students’ mean score in each component of writing who got score above KKM; and (2) there were improvements of class situation, namely: improvement of students’ motivation, interest, and creativity. Besides, the weaknesses are: (1) the students have to spend long time to make this media; and (2) the students were crowded while implementing the cue card in writing process, because they like to speak about their idol in cue card.
Based on the result of the research, it can be concluded that the use of cue card improves students’ writing skill and class condition. Therefore, it is recommended that the teachers use cue card media in teaching writing.

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