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sentence reconstruction technique



CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
A.    Background
Students as beginners in learning English usually make many mistakes in sentences. Sometimes they find difficulties in finding idea, they do not know how to arrange the vocabulary that they have into good sentences. In this case, the teacher should find out solution by creating efficient and effective techniques of teaching writing that can make the writing class more interesting, exciting, and enjoyable. It can be done by choosing the material appropriate with the students and take a techniques in increasing the writing ability if the students. One of them is “sentences Reconstruction Technique”.
There are various ways or techniques that have been used but still remains mistakes, Risna Akib (2006) find that the students’ ability to write sentence in English was very poor. It was seen thought the means score that was 46,1. The law ability the students was concluded based on five criteria of writing, they are: content, organization, vocabulary, language use, and mechanic. It means that the students need something difference which can improve their motivation in English learning process. The researcher will use sentence reconstruction technique in her research because it can help the students to change their knowledge in write good sentences.
One reason for learning to write is to transmit ideas to people, especially to those who are a distance in time and space. Another reason is the writing process helps you sort out and organize random thoughts, clarify what you really think and develop ideas. That is why people want to write because writing can be a media to communicate with others in one community or wider world. If someone can write well, he or she can communicate with a person who is a thousand of miles away from him; understand what he means and what he feels.
Relating to the above statement, the writing skill should be given much attention in teaching language and teach it previously to the students.  In order to, they are not let behind and can take a role in the modern society. However, the writing skill is a complex and sometimes difficult to teach; it requires mastery of not only grammatical and rhetorical devices but also of the conceptual and judgment element. There are many various skills necessary for good writing composition. It has five general components of main ideas. They are language use, mechanical skills, statement of content, stylistic skill, and judgment skill (Heaton, 1975).
Furthermore, the ability of mastering the sentence structure enables the students to combine, expand, and shorten the sentence and further enables them to produce perfect English with some various ways. Mastering the sentence structure will be understandable for the listeners and readers. If the students have good skills in sentence construction, they will be able to make and arrange the sentence into a paragraph, which is the beginning of how to be a good writer. This is relevant with what Widdowson stated in Muddin (1992:74) that language learning consists of efforts to get competence in constructing good sentences and to get knowledge about sentences or how to use suitable sentences in certain contexts.
In practicing English writing a sentence reconstruction technique can make the students to be active in writing. It is one of the ways to increase the students’ ability in writing. The advantage of using sentence reconstruction technique in writing is the students easy to get idea and to start writing if they have seen jumbled words that can be used as a basis of their own work in making sentences, it make the students think about correct order of the sentence.
Based on the explanation above, the researcher’s conclusions are. The first, sentence reconstruction technique give much opportunities to express students’ ideas in writing. Second, sentence reconstruction technique is useful to encourage students in increasing their writing ability, especially in writing appropriate sentence. Three when using sentence reconstruction technique can motivate students to reconstruct jumbled words by identifying part of sentence in order to make them easy to write correct sentence.
B.     Problem Statement
Sentence reconstruction technique is a process of reconstructing, rebuilding, or recognizing something. Through sentence reconstruction technique, the students are practiced to make good sentence. In order to be able to examine such problem, the researcher needs to ask the following research questions:
  1. How sentence reconstruction technique can increase the students’ writing ability at the second year students of MAN 349 Binamu Kab. Jeneponto?
  2. How is the effectiveness of sentence reconstruction technique to increase the students’ ability?
 C.    Objective of the Research
By the title “Increasing Students’ Writing Ability by Using Sentence Reconstruction Technique at the Second Year of MAN 349 Binamu Kab. Jeneponto” the study aims to find out specific objective, namely:
1.      To find out how can sentence reconstruction technique be used to increase the students’ writing ability at the second year students of MAN 349 Binamu Kab. Jeneponto
2.      To find out how is the effectiveness of sentence reconstruction technique to increase the students ability
D.    Significance of the Research
The finding of this research is expected to give information to the English teacher in increasing the writing ability if student by using sentences reconstruction technique. In others words, this research is expected to give contribution to teaching and learning methods, particularly in teaching writing skill, and more particularly about written sentences to the second year students of MAN 349 Binamu Kab. Jeneponto. Specifically, there will two significances of this research, they are:
1.      Theoretical significance
Some statements have proved that sentence reconstruction technique is good to be applied in the classroom to increase the students’ ability and make them active in the classroom. Reconstruction is a classroom tesching technique designed to help students improve writing skills. Therefore, the researcher will try it to increase the students’ motivation in English writing.

2.      Practical significance
  1. Significance for the students
The researcher expects that all of the students have high motivation and can write well through sentence reconstruction technique. They are expected to increase their ability of their English writing with easy method and can be applied in the classroom.
  1. Significance for the teachers
By this research, the researcher hopes that the sentence reconstruction technique can help teacher to increase their student’s achievement. It is also expected to give good contributions for all t??????
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