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PROPOSAL OF OK5R (Overview, Key Idea, Read, Record, Recite, Review and Reflect).



CHAPTER I
                   INTRODUCTION
A.       Background
Language is a tool of communication. It is used to express ideas, feeling, suggestion, creation, or emotion that will be much easier to express it in our mother tongue (Riswandi 2011:1). Trouble comes when we are asked to express ourselves in a foreign language. English as an international language has four mayor skills that widely used and spoken all over the world. They are listening, speaking, reading, and writing. In teaching English, the students are encouraged to use English for communication and to read the books and references written in English.
The purpose of reading in many languages is to inform ourselves about something we are interested, or to challenge certain our methods. In other words, to extend our experience of the world in which we live.  A person may read to get information. He may also read for enjoyment, or to enhance knowledge of the language being read (Janz: 2004). Although every student knows how to read, many have never learned good reading skills. (Royse, 2001: 127). The purpose for reading is to guide the reader to select the appropriate texts, to determine the appropriate to reading comprehension.
According to researcher’s observation result from diagnostic test in VII.C class of SMPN 1 Mangarabombang Takalar Regency, the students’ reading comprehension skill still poor with mean score 5.5.  All of the students can be read but only a few of students can comprehend or can understand what they have read especially English text. It because many factors such as the students consider that English is a subject that very difficult,bored and scares because meaning and letters are different.The other factor is the teacher always uses the same method to teach English subject like the direct method. It is also make the students more bore to study English. As value of observation in the class room the students’ has score 6.0. This score is as a poor category. In this research the aim is to solve this problem until the students have a good score, while the standard curriculum is 6.5. The researcher wants to achieve the score at 7.5 target in learning reading comprehension.
The technique of teaching English is to develop especially to improving reading comprehension, because the technique of teaching influences the students’ success. So, the teacher of English should select the suitable method or technique to teach and material to teach. There are many approaches or techniques have been applied in the English curriculum. In general the techniques in reading found at High School are comprehension question answering exercises, therefore can improve the teaching of reading in order that the students’ activity involves in reading class particularly in the given tasks.
Davies (1984:2) confirms that success learning in English requires knowledge of words. One who wants to do well in English must learn the words to pay attention to new words. The students should recognize and know the meaning of words or lexical as soon as they see them in reading passage. The students tend to read word by word, stop, thinking, and look up the dictionary and then move on the next sentences, by the time they reaches the end of the sentences, they might lose sight of its meaning. They are not aware that certain words may come from other words, through lexical simplification process. The students can be easy of in order to make reading as a fun activity, teacher should attempt to find any method. At this moment, writer want to offer a method that is group work technique.
 Based on the statement above, the writer would like to find a good Method that can be used by the teacher to facilitate their teaching activity in teaching English (especially in reading comprehension) and help the students to have better understanding in learning Reading Comprehension. This Method is OK5R (Overview, Key Idea, Read, Record, Recite, Review and Reflect).
B.       Problem Statement
Related to the fact in background presented above, here the writer will formulates problem statement as follows: 
1.      How does OK5R Method increase the students’ Interpretative Comprehension at the eleventh year students of SMPN 1 Manngarabombang Takalar Regency?
2.      How does OK5R method increase the Literal Comprehension at the first year students of SMPN 1 Mangarabombang Takalar Regency?
C.       Objective of Study
      This research aims to find out;
1.      To find out the use of OK5R (Overview, Key Idea, Read, Record, Recite, Review and Reflect) Method in improving the Literal Reading Comprehension at the first year students of SMPN 1 Mangarabombang Takalar Regency.
2.      To find out the use of OK5R (Overview, Key Idea, Read, Record, Recite, Review and Reflect) Method in improving the Interpretative Reading Comprehension at the first year students of SMPN 1 Mangarabombang Takalar Regency.
D.      Significance of Study
The result of this research is expected to be an alternative contribution to increase reading mastery and helpful information for teachers and the candidate of teachers of English to improve their quality in teaching English specially the reading teaching.
E.       Scope of Study
            This research restricted to the use of OK5R method in seven steps (Overview, Key Idea, Read, Record, Recite, Review and Reflect) in reading comprehension. This method here is focused on literal comprehension and interpretative comprehension. 
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