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Improving the Students’ Reading Comprehension through Reciprocal Teaching Strategy (A Classroom Action Research



ABSTRACT

RATNAWATI, 2012. Improving the Students’ Reading Comprehension through Reciprocal Teaching Strategy (A Classroom Action Research at VIII B Class at the Second Year Students of SMP PGRI Sungguminasa) Guided by DR. Abd. Muin, M. Hum, and Rosmala Dewi S.Pd, M.Ed.
This research aimed to find the improvement of the students’ main idea and details in reading comprehension  use of Reciprocal Teaching Strategy (RTS) at in VIII B class of the second year students SMP PGRI in the 2011/2012 Academic Year.
            The researcher used A Classroom Action Research (CAR). She had conducted two cycles, where each cycle consisted of four meetings. It employed essay reading test as instrument. A number of research subjects were 45 students in class VIIIB. Those consist of 19 women and 26 men.
            The research findings indicated that using Reciprocal Teaching Strategy could improve the students’ reading comprehension, from table 1 indicated that there was improvement the students’ Main Idea from D-Test to cycle I, where as in D-Test the students’ achievemnt main idea in reading was 62.77, cycle I to cycle II, where as in cycle I the students’ achievement main idea in reading was 71.55, but after evaluation in cycle II the students’ main idea in reading became 78.88. The other hand the students’ details in reading was improved too from D-Test to cycle I, where as in the students’ details in reading was 60.22, cycle I to cycle II, where as in cycle I the students’ details in reading was 68.22 but after evaluation in cycle II the students’ details in reading became 75.33. It means that the use Reciprocal Teaching Strategy could improve the students’ reading comprehension at VIIIB Class of the second year students of SMP PGRI Sungguminasa.

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